Kang GURU Magazine - September 2007
Check out these keywords and phrases as often seen in articles about the environment.
Are you eco-friendly? Or perhaps you consider yourself an eco-warrior? Words that use the prefix eco mean that
that word is connected to the environment. An eco-warrior is a person who argues against, and tries to stop,
activities which harm the environment. Some household products have an eco-label, an official symbol, which
shows that the product has been designed to do less harm to the environment than other similar products. During
a quick look at the internet, KGRE found eco–friendly products such as soaps, washing powders, napkins,
bags, paper, fashion items, tea, refrigerators, cars, furniture, and even one company that promises eco-friendly
Endangered or is it too late?
plant and animal species around the world are endangered. One of the main reasons is that humankind is destroying
the natural habitats where these plants and animals live. Another reason is climate change also caused by humans.
Endangered animals in Indonesia include the rhinocerous, tiger, orangutan, proboscis monkey (see picture) and
other creatures large and small. In Australia the numbat, the dugong and the Australian sea lion are endangered.
Although many organizations around the world work hard to save these species, sometimes it’s too late and
the species becomes extinct.
Extinct means there are no more left.
Endangered means a species is in danger of becoming extinct and humans need to be careful to protect
you match the Indonesian words with the English words? You can find the words in articles on this page. Compare
your answers with a friend or with your teacher. Enjoy!
Measuring your carbon footprint means calculating the amount of CO2 and emissions and other greenhouse gases
you produce from your lifestyle. For example, a city executive living in a big air-conditioned house, who
drives to work every day in a high-powered car, and regularly takes business trips abroad, will have a bigger “carbon
footprint” than a farmer living in a rural area, who only uses a bicycle and has a small house without
air conditioning. How big do you think your carbon footprint is?
Tourism is now one of the fastest growing industries in the world. Mass tourism helps local economies grow but
without proper planning it can also do much damage. Tourist attractions become crowded and environmental degradation
occurs. Areas of natural beauty become littered with non-biodegradable rubbish. To avoid some
of these problems in the future, eco-tourism is being developed in many parts of the world, including Indonesia.
Eco-tourism destinations believe in conservation, education, traveller responsibility and active community participation.
Through eco-tourism travellers can enjoy areas of natural beauty while at the same time help local com-munities
in a positive way. Eco-tourist organisations can be found on the Internet.
Reduce Recyle Re-use
Planet Ark is an Australian organization. It was set up in 1991. Their aim is to show people and businesses
the many ways they can reduce their day-to-day impact on the environment at home, at work and in the community.
They are funded by corporate sponsorship, the sales from a range of environmentally responsible products
and a small number of Government grants. They explain the many simple ways everyone can be involved in that
will have an impact on the environment – such as recycling household waste, using water-saving showerheads,
using less power and responsibly disposing of cartridges from printers and electronic equipment. www.planetark.com
Don’t forget to read the article about the Jakarta based XSProject who recycle plastic packaging.
Welcome Letter from Sue and Maggie
We have taken up the Captain’s challenge and are writing the opening letter for this edition of the KGRE magazine.
The Captain has been away
– camping in the outback of Australia. Actually, it’s been a while since the KGRE office has heard from
him. We hope he hasn’t been eaten by a crocodile! No doubt he’ll be back in time for the next KGRE magazine
Do you like the cover of our September magazine? All of us here at the KGRE office think it is fantastic. Well done
to Get Me English Community in Jember - KGCC #071. It was a very hard job picking the winner. We had so many great
entries. You can see more entries on the KGRE website's Poster Page soon.
| The theme for this magazine is ‘The Environment’. This important topic is part of the SMP Class 3
English curriculum. Both teachers and students will find the environmental information in this magazine helpful
and very interesting. Teachers, be sure to order your free copy of the September KGRE 'Listening and Reading Class
Set' soon. It will include many great environmental activities (both listening and reading) taken from this magazine.
You'll notice that KGRE has made a few changes in this magazine - for example, the Listeners' Letters Page, now
called KGRE Voices, includes e-mails, sms as well as letters. Don’t worry, you can still find all your old
favourites. There are environmental anecdotes in Different Pond Different Fish and information from some of the
AusAID-supported environmental activities around Indonesia. Fiona, our science expert, has written an article explaining
global warming and the greenhouse effect. It's great and we hope this is the first of many science articles from
her. On the KGRE Newsroom Page you can find the winners of KGRE's Photo Competition announced in the March 2007
magazine. The winning photos will be included on the 2008 KGRE calendar to be released later this year.
Thanks to all the people who have contributed to this magazine. KGRE hopes that our readers can learn more about
the world around them and how important it is to take care of the environment. Try these tips to help protect the
environment near you: take your rubbish home, use reusable bags rather than plastic bags, switch off electrical
appliances if you are not using them and share your KGRE magazine with as many people as possible!
KGRE’s December 2007 Magazine
Get ready for a lip-smacking edition of the KGRE magazine in December. The theme will be FOOD and DRINK! The
KGRE Team travels a lot and samples a lot of food and drink from all around Indonesia. We’ve eaten soto
Makassar and soup konro in Sulawesi, delicious durian in West Sumatra, ayam taliwang in Lombok, gado-gado and
other vegetable specialities in Java and fresh fish and seafood around the country. If you have a special dish
from your region then why not write to KGRE - or better still, prepare it for us when we come to visit! Write
and tell us about the best food you have ever eaten – or the worst. Send your letters and stories to KGRE
by letter or email by the end of October 2007. You never know, your story may be featured in the December magazine!
||This decorative envelope is from Nur Muhammad at Pandeglang, Banten.
For the last couple of months I have been an active listener to KGRE at RAKA FM. I always join in the interactive
segment by sending sms and I also enter competitions either at Raka FM or direct with KGRE. However, until now
I have never won a competition. I want to call RAKA FM but I am reluctant to ring as I can’t speak English
well. When I can speak English well, I will join in RAKA FM’s interactive segment.
Compilation of Quick Fixes
After reading your last magazine, especially the article about free KGRE materials, I am inspired to write. I’m
convinced all you offer will be useful to anyone who wants to get ahead in English. I’m interested in the
copy of compilation of the popular Quick Fix segments. I will use it for extra material for my students to vary
and add to materials from the curriculum. I think learning your Quick Fix material will add to our knowledge
in using words properly.
SMK Amsir 1
Parepare - SOUTH SULAWESI
An Aussie style greeting from West Lombok
G’day mates at KGRE. I’d like to tell you about my environment. I live in a small village. Here,
there are mosques, a traditional market, shops and a school. Not everyone in my village has a good economic situation.
Some have bad lifesytyles which makes my environment’s condition not too good like not keeping clean and
keeping pets’ cages near their houses. BUT, one thing I really like about the people in my environment
is their high spirit of mutual cooperation and assistance. I hope it will exist forever. I hope everyone in my
environment can have a good healthy lifestyle.
Labuapi - WEST LOMBOK
|Hi Astri, it’s great to hear that you are a regular listener of KGRE and also that you enter competitions
using sms. Sometimes people are reluctant to speak another language as they are frightened of making mistakes.
However, the most important thing to remember is communication. It doesn’t matter if your English
is not perfect. Be brave, take a deep breath and just speak as well as you can. The more you speak, the better
you will become. So, have a go! Good luck!
||Dear Hamka, Thanks for your feedback about Quick Fix. Great to hear you find it so helpful. The compilation
of Quick Fixes is under production but not yet available so watch out for future news about this. You will also
find Quick Fix on the KGRE website to use with your students as well. Good luck!
|| G’day Muamalah, thank you for your sms and description of your village environment. Its great to receive
text messages here at KGRE from readers and listeners. I’m sure with that wonderful community spirit of
mutual cooperation great things can be achieved. Perhaps if people see students working together to clean up their
school or local environment they will be encouraged to develop a healthy lifestyle too. Please note however that
we cannot answer all sms that we receive.
Keeping in touch by SMS
My name’s Dedy. I live in a small village, Alue Raya, in Samatiga district. It’s only about 15km
from a small town, Meulaboh. I am very interested in using the KGRE magazine because I am a teacher. My hobbies
are football, volley ball, music and reading. I like my handphone because I can communicate with all my friends.
Samatiga - WEST ACEH
I’m an English lecturer in the English Department of the University of Mahaputra Muhammed Yamin. It’s
located in Solok, a small city in West Sumatra. I teach writing and drama classes. I used to be a broadcaster
and a journalist, so listening to the radio and writing are my hobbies. I’d like to register for the KGRE
Budi F Helmi
Solok - WEST SUMATRA
Hi, I’m Hendra Sakti. I’d like to ask about ADS. I am very interested in applying for an ADS scholarship.
Where must I go to apply and get an application form? I am looking forward to your response.
Palembang, NORTH SUMATRA
|Hello Dedy. Mobile phones are indeed a great way to keep in touch with friends and also an excellent way to
practice your English. KGRE often runs sms competitions, so we would love to hear from you in one of our next
KGRE SMS competitions. It is good to know you find KGRE useful for your teaching. By the way, it is OK to copy
KGRE material as long as it is not sold for profit.
||Hi Budi, your copy of the June KGRE magazine is on its way to you and we will also be sending you the September
issue. I hope you will enjoy reading them. Perhaps some of your students would like to receive the KGRE magazine
too. It’s free for everyone. All they have to do is write about 75 words in English describing themselves
and why they would like the magazine, making sure they provide their name and full address.
Dear Hendra, Check out the AusAID page on the KangGuru website at
You will find lots of information about ADS scholarships and application procedures right there. Read more
about ADS in this maagzine too, okay?
For this magazine, KGRE looked at some simple words in English with a connection to the environment. Would you believe
there are sayings and idioms in English which use these words – clean, dirty, plastic and rubbish.
the first word – clean. The two sayings are ‘clean as a whistle’ and ‘clean up your act.’ In
order to make clear and pure sounds a whistle has to be absolutely clean. Anything or anyone as clean as a whistle
has been judged to be guiltless, or flawless, and not involved in anything illegal.
'He hasn’t got a criminal record, he’s as clean as a whistle.'
The second saying is ‘clean up your act.’ If someone tells you to 'clean up your act' they are asking
you to stop doing something other people do not approve of and start behaving in a more acceptable way.
‘The organisation wasn’t telling the truth about their involvement in illegal
logging. It’s time they cleaned up their act otherwise problems such as landslides my occur in the future.’
Here’s the second word – dirty. If someone gives you a dirty look then perhaps be careful! It means
they are looking at you in an angry or disapproving way.
‘I don’t know what I said to annoy her but she really gave me a dirty look.’
Plastic is the third word. We all use plastic bags but did you know plastic money is becoming more popular?
‘I like to use plastic when I travel. I don’t feel safe using cash.’
This of course refers to plastic credit cards - plastic money. I don’t know of any country that uses plastic
bags as currency! Do you?
‘What a load of rubbish!’
Has anyone ever said that to you? I hope not! It usually means they don’t believe what you or someone else
has told them. Maybe they have been reading an article in the newspaper or heard something on the news that they
‘Have you read the article about what that company is doing to reduce greenhouse
gases? What a load of rubbish! I just don't believe that is true.'
| Sometimes English language learners are confused about the correct use of the various forms of the words environment,
environmental and environmentally.
Here are some examples of correct usage taken from KGRE’s recent environmental information exchange between
Kang Guru Connection English Language Clubs (KGCCs) and students in schools in Victoria and West Australia.
environment (a noun)
To help protect the environment, the government has laws that stop factories and people from littering and polluting
(an answer from students at Matthew Flinders Girls High School in Seabrook, Victoria, in response to questions
from KGCC #005, the Edelweiss English Club in Madura)
environmental (an adjective)
Which environmental problem is currently being discussed by most people in Australia?
The environmental problem most commonly discussed in Australia at the moment is global warming and the drought
(a question from KGCC#005. Answer from students at Matthew Flinders Girls High School).
environmentally (an adverb which is more commonly used as an adjective)
How do teachers in Australia
teach their students NOT to throw rubbish away carelessly?
Teachers teach their students to be environmentally aware by reducing, recycling and reusing rubbish rather than
just throw it away
(a question from KGCC#003 Best Forum Club in Makassar with an answer from Penrhos College in Western Australia)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The use of prepositions in and on with months and dates
We use in when we refer to the month only but use on when an actual date is mentioned too.
eg. in September and in July but on September 14th or on July the 29th. Here are some further examples for you.
In April 2007, KGRE wrote to schools in Australia asking them to participate in an environmental information
exchange with Kang Guru Connection Clubs (KGCC). KGCCs sent their questions soon afterwards and in June, they
received answers from students at Matthew Flinders Girls High School,W.A. On July 15th, KGCC#003, the Best Forum
English Club in Makassar, received the answers to their questions from students at Penrhos College in Western
Australia. Students from Mount Erin College in Victoria emailed their answers to KGCC#050 Medan English Speaking
Club on the 31st of May. Fantastic!
What is the greenhouse effect?
The Earth's atmosphere is all around us. It is the air that we breathe. Some of the gases in the atmosphere,
like water vapor and carbon dioxide, are called
greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere keep the Earth warm by absorbing infra-red radiation that
is radiated by the Earth's surface. The greenhouse effect is very important and useful. If there were no greenhouse
gases in the atmosphere, the Earth would have an average temperature of minus 20°C. It would be cold and
How does the greenhouse effect work?
- The sun emits light and ultra-violet radiation.
- Some of the ultra-violet radiation is reflected by the Earth and its atmosphere. This radiation does not warm
the Earth's surface.
- Most of the ultra-violet radiation is absorbed by the Earth's surface. This radiation warms the Earth's surface.
- The Earth's surface radiates infra-red radiation because it is warm.
- Some of the infra-red radiation passes through the atmosphere, but most of it is absorbed and re-radiated by
the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This keeps the Earth's surface and the lower atmosphere warm.
There are many earth-friendly, energy-smart ways to reduce the amount of fossil fuel used to run vehicles. In
Europe, Japan and the US, people can buy hydrogen powered cars and hybrid electric cars. Biodiesel fuel, where
plant oil is processed into fuel, is available in many countries including Australia. It is manufactured from
various vegetable oils such as peanut, soy bean and canola. It can even be made from used cooking oil. In fact,
way back in 1895, Dr Rudolph Diesel developed an engine which ran using peanut oil as fuel. Apart from being
more environmentally friendly than petrol, the exhaust fumes from biodiesel fuelled vehicles are more pleasant
What is global warming?
Over the past 150 years humans have been burning more and more fuel, especially fossil fuels - coal and gas for
example. The fuel is needed to power vehicles and factories and to generate electricity. Because more fuel is
being burnt, more carbon dioxide is being put into the atmosphere. The extra carbon dioxide is increasing the
greenhouse effect, so the Earth's atmosphere is absorbing more infra-red energy and the Earth is getting warmer.
Why is global warming an environmental problem?
The Earth is getting warmer so now the ice at the North and South Poles is melting. This is putting more water
into the seas and oceans, which can cause flooding in coastal areas.
ecause the Earth's atmosphere is getting warmer there is more energy in the air, so storms, hurricanes and typhoons
are becoming stronger and more frequent. There is also evidence that global warming is changing the Earth's
climate, making some places drier and others wetter.
What can we do to reduce the greenhouse effect and global warming?
Riding a motorcycle or using electricity is not wrong. But we should all try and save energy, so that we reduce
the amount of greenhouse gases that are released into the atmosphere - exhaust fumes for example.
Here are some ways to save energy and help reduce the greenhouse effect. Remind your family and friends at school,
or in your English club, to do these things too.
Save Electricity at home, at schools and at work
Whenever we use electricity, we put greenhouse gases into the air. If you turn off lights, the television, and
the computer when you have finished using them, you can save a lot of energy - and reduce your electricity bill
too! That also means not using STANDBY mode either!
Bike, bus, and walk
You can save energy and keep healthy too by riding a bike, or walking to school, work or the warung instead of
using a motorbike. Can you cut your use of motorbikes? We are sure you can - walk more!
Planting trees is fun and a great way to reduce greenhouse gases. Trees absorb
carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, from the air. Have a tree-planting day in your school or village. Heh, don't
cut down trees in your garden unless you really have to, okay?
Recycle cans, bottles, plastic bags, and newspapers. When you recycle, you send less trash to the landfill or
rubbish tip. You are also helping to save natural resources, like trees, oil and metal.
Think before you cut
Here are some interesting facts about trees:
- Trees first appeared on earth long before the dinosaurs did – about 400 million years ago.
- Many trees can outlive humans - some can live to be more than 1000 years old.
- Trees are the largest of all living things - some species can grow 100 meters tall and weigh 600 tonnes.
- Trees combat the greenhouse effect and slow the effects of global warming. They soak up carbon dioxide and exhale
oxygen for us to breathe.
- Trees help prevent landslides (tanah longsor) and soil erosion due to their root systems.
- Trees attract native wildlife to an area, providing food and shelter.
- Trees have many commercial uses including building materials, paper products, furniture, medicines and fuel
for cooking and heating.
Don’t cut down trees unless it is really necessary.
The importance of mangroves
Recently KGRE asked students about environmental problems in their immediate environment. One of the most common
problems students told us about was damage to the marine (perairan) environment. In coastal areas,
developers have destroyed areas of mangrove trees. Many people think of mangrove swamps as useless, smelly places
full of mosquitoes. But mangroves play a very important role in protecting the shoreline from erosion. They
also can lessen the effects of tsunami and are homes to some very special wildlife vital to the food chain.
Bali visitors are welcome to visit the Mangrove Information Centre and learn about this special environment.
Specially constructed wooden walkways take visitors through the twisted mangrove trees and trained guides point
out fascinating wildlife and other interesting sites. Visit their website www.jica.or.id/mangrove.htm
Did you know that smoking is banned on some beaches in Australia. They are smoke-free zones. Smoking is also
banned in indoor restaurants, enclosed workplaces such as factories, shops and offices, covered areas on train
platforms and even at bus stops, on public transport and even at some children’s playgrounds. In fact
the no smoking ban is becoming law in countries around the world. Do you think Indonesia should follow the same
Where did you get that great bag?
XSProject is based in Jakarta. They make some fantastic products and at the same time help reduce waste. KGRE
recently visited them at their workplace and spoke to Adit and Uni (see left). These two successful young women
gave up jobs in the city to work with the project. Here’s part of the interview with Uni and Adit.
|| What are the raw materials used at XSProject?
|| We use the types of plastic Indonesian households throw away every day –
such as fabric softener packages, detergent and disinfectant packets and even toothpaste tubes.
||How do you get these plastic containers?
|| We pay trash pickers (pemulung) to collect them.
||Do they come from a rubbish dump?
|| No. The trash is collected before it is taken to a rubbish dump (tempat pembuangan sampah) so it is not damaged
||How many people work here making the products?
|| Here we employ eight workers. After the packages have been washed, dried and sorted, three women who have been
trained as cutters, carefully cut each packet into measured strips. Then five men skillfully sew the strips
into a fantastic colourful array of bags, book holders, folders, waste paper bins and lunch-bags.
||They look great and are functional too. Who thought of the idea of recycling this type
|| The XSProject began in Jakarta in 2002 by American artist Ann Wizer.
|| Actually we don’t recycle the packages we reuse them. Reusing is better than recycling as it consumes
less energy and resources.
||You help the trash pickers improve their lives in other ways too.
Yes, the project has installed a water pump in their village to provide them with fresh, clean water. Before
this they had to spend Rp100,000 a month to buy water. We have also given workshops to communities around
Jakarta showing them how to manage garbage and transform it into useful items.
Visit their website at www.xsprojectgroup.com
‘Play and Learn about the Environment’
In mid-2007, Tunas Hijau held activities with refugee children in Porong near Surabaya. They have lost their
school and their play areas due to the hot mudflow which is affecting the area. Tunas Hijau Club, led by Septian,
a student of SMA Negeri 7 Surabaya, brought a giant sized Snakes and Ladders game to Pasar Baru, Porong for
the children. Members of Tunas Hijau demonstrated the wonderful environmental game and then held a mini version
of the Snakes and Ladders competition with about 40 local children. Prizes included environmental comics plus
smaller-sized Snakes and Ladders games about the ozone layer.
‘We visited from Surabaya not to give food or money or anything like that. We just gave messages through
these games to the children about the environment’, said Diofan, an activist from the Tunas Hijau
Tunas Hijau also held some other activities such as watching environmental movies: ‘Ozzy Ozone’ and ‘The
Day After Tomorrow’.
‘From these activities, we hope that the children could know how important it is that we take care
of the environment even though their immediate environment is getting worse everyday.’
These activities were appreciated by the people in the mudflow refugee camp, both young and old.
How many words
can you make from the letters in this word - environmental You can use letters more
than once if you wish.
For example the letters e, r and t can be used to make the word tree. Here's another
example for you - the letters e, m, t and a can be used to make meat. All words
must have more than 4 letters in them, okay? The more letters you can use in each word, the better!
Tunas Hijau is a very active environmental NGO based in Surabaya. It works closely with Millennium Kids from
Perth, Australia. Both groups consist of young kids encouraging others to be active and aware in the environment.
Visit them on their websites:
www.tunashijau.org or www.millenniumkids.com.au
Save their homes
Did you know the Kalimantan and Sumatran orangutan and the Australian koala have something in common? They are
and losing their habitats at an alarming rate. That's why conservation groups such as the Sumatran Orangutan
Society in Indonesia and the Australian Koala Foundation are working hard to conserve them and their habitats.
and Sumatra are the only places in the world where orangutans are found. They live mainly in trees. They sleep
at night and are vegetarian. Orangutans are endangered because their environment is being destroyed through logging,
clearing and burning and also because they are hunted for food and kept in captivity. The Sumatran Orangutan
Society runs rehabilitation centres where the orangutans are trained to return to living in their natural habitat.
Find out more at www.orangutans-sos.org
Have you heard about the Australian Koala Foundation’s No tree..... No me! slogan?
It's a good one, isn't it?
Australia’s unique, nocturnal koala needs eucalyptus (gum) trees to survive both for their homes and their
food but only certain types of eucalypts are suitable. Trees being cut down to make way for urban development
have destroyed up to 80% of Australia’s original eucalyptus forests. The koalas are in trouble.
In Australia, September 2007 is Save the Koala month.
Learn more about koalas at www.savethekoala.com
Capt KGRE in Oz - an environmental observation
On July 12th I was at a popular tourist site called Gregory’s Tree, approximately 600km from Darwin and
just 76km from Kununurra in far North West Australia. Back in the middle 1800s, early explorers, led by a man
called Gregory, lived at the site for 9 months while they were exploring the surrounding area. Today the boab
tree, into which they carved their names way back then, is still there. Tourists drive 5 km from the main highway
to see the tree and read about Gregory and his camp. And guess what? There’s a rubbish bin there. It was
terrific to see a rubbish bin nearby for tourists to use. Please Note: A strong plastic bag lined the bin and
it was taped around the top. This meant the plastic bag stayed in place inside the bin until staff from the National
Park office collected the rubbish each week. Good idea, eh?
**Capt. KGRE is Kevin Dalton, KGRE's Project Manager in indonesia - email: email@example.com
A motto for visitors in Aussie National Parks is
‘Take Nothing But Pictures and Leave Nothing but Footprints’.
| What does this motto mean?
Send an SMS - 081 2387 0479
How long do everyday items take to decompose (membusuk)?
The answers may surprise you!
| Tissue paper
|| 1 month
|| Car tyre
|| 50 years
|| 1.5 months
|| Tin can
|| 50 years
| Orange peel
|| 6 months
|| Drink can
|| 200 years
| Milk carton
|| 3 months
|| Plastic bag/bottle
|| 400 years
| Cigarette packet
|| 5 months
|| 450 years
| Cigarette butt
|| up to 12 years
|| Glass jar/bottle
|| who knows!
|| 11 years
|| maybe never
To the Dump!
Every day in
Jakarta 6,000 tonnes of rubbish is sent to a rubbish dump in Bekasi. 6000 tonnes! That's the same weight as 3,700
Toyota Kijang cars or one submarine! For our KGRE readers, how much of that rubbish belonged to you?
What did you find on the beach today?
hard to find a clean beach these days. At low tide some beaches look like rubbish dumps. Depending on the winds
and tides, rubbish dumped in places many kilometers away arrives on beaches far from where it was originally
discarded. It’s not a pretty sight. Broken sandals, shampoo bottles, plastic packaging, glass bottles,
toothbrushes, tin cans, syringes, styrofoam lunch boxes and much, much more. YUK!
Beach communities often organize beach clean-ups. Sometimes school children spend a day at the beach cleaning
up rubbish and learning about the environment at the same time. In tourist areas, hotels located on the beach
also help to make the environment clean for locals and tourists to enjoy. KGRE would like to say a big thank-you
to all of them for making beaches nicer places to be. Be environmentally aware at the beach and other tourist
sites and take your rubbish home!
Bags of trouble
Here's some interesting information about plastic bags.
- Plastic bags are the fifth most common type of rubbish found on beaches.
- Australians use over 10 million plastic bags a day – or 6,000,000 million a year. Tie all those bags together
and you would have a chain which would go round the world 37 times. How many bags are used in Indonesia every
day? How many do you use everyday?
- Plastic bags are serial killers. One bag can kill more than one animal. The body of an animal, which has died
after eating plastic, will decay more quickly than the plastic bag will decay. The plastic bag is then released
back into the environment to be eaten by another animal. The tragedy goes on and on!
Litter traps in Yarra River
When I was in Melbourne earlier this year, I took a cruise along the Yarra River. It really surprised and impressed
me how clean the river is. You can’t see a single piece of trash floating in there. Instead I saw some
litter traps floating along the river. These devices trap all kinds of rubbish that get washed from streets
when it rains. The litter includes plastic, glass bottles, drink cartons, cigarette butts and lighters and syringes,
as well as tree branches and vegetation debris from the parks. A river barge patrols the Yarra River regularly
and empties the litter traps.
What a wonderful way to protect the river! Clean rivers not only make it safe for people to do water sports such
as canoeing or boating, but also help protect animals, plants and fish living in the waterways. And they look
Ogi, KGRE Coordinator at KGRE in Bali
The Australia Indonesia Partnership
Australia and Indonesia have been development partners for many years, with a strong
relationship stretching back to the 1950s. AusAID, the Australian Government’s overseas aid program
in Indonesia will provide an estimated A$458 million (IDR 3.4 trillion) in Official Development Assistance
(ODA) in 2007-08. As Kang Guru always says,and as AusAID is proving,
"Good Neighbours Make Good Friends."
Through AusAID's Basic Education Program (BEP), 2000 SMP schools are being built all
Check out BEP's new website and see for yourself.
Oz Indo Deforestation Initiative
Trees play a very important role in the environmental well- being of any area. Trees help clean the air and trees
also protect land and animals. When trees disappear, problems such as landslides occur. In June 2007, the Indonesian
and Australian governments agreed to work together on the issue of deforestation. The loss of valuable forests,
both legally and illegally, needs to be looked at and the problems associated with it addressed. The Australian
Ambassador to Indonesia, Mr. Bill Farmer, told KGRE recently that with cooperation between local communities,
the Ministry for the Environment, the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and other relevant
agencies, the issue of uncontrolled deforestation can be, and needs to be, solved. On July 24th, the Australian
government announced that it will commit Rp77 billion to support efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
from deforestation and promote sustainable forest management in Indonesia. The funding is being provided from
the Australian Government’s Rp1.54 trillion (A$200 million) Global Initiative on Forests and Climate.
How much money
is Australia committing to the Global Initiative on Forests and Climate?
Send an SMS to 081 2387 0479 before the end of September and you could win prizes from CIFOR.
isn’t just trees, rivers and animals, but also includes physical infrastructure; in other words, the man-made
things we see around us every day. For example, buildings, parks and transport facilities. If you were in a wheelchair
or blind, do you think it would be easy to go about your daily business? How many steps are there to get into your
local mosque, church or temple? What is the pavement like outside your school or office, shops or sports ground?
How do you travel to school/work every day?
Paulien Long, from Australia, works in Bali with VIDA (Volunteering for International Development from Australia)
with YAKKUM (Yayasan Kristen Untuk Kesehatan Umum). YAKKUM is run by, and for, people with physical disabilities.
Paulien is an occupational therapist and is trained to offer advice to governments and companies on how to
change the environment to better suit the needs of people with physical disabilities. This in turn helps them to
become more independent in their day-to-day activities.
Governments in Indonesia and Australia are aware of these issues and are slowly making changes to the infrastructure.
Both countries have laws supporting the rights of people with disabilities. Public places in Indonesia are becoming
more accessible. Hopefully, in the future, our physical environment will become more accessible to everyone in our
communities. Many groups of people are working to make this happen. Is there a way you could change something in
your local environment to make it more accessible?
Forests and the Environment in Sumbawa
In June 2007, Kevin and Ogi from KGRE, and Ana from IALF Bali, met with a wonderful young man named Pak Julmansyah
from the Kantor Dinas Kehutanan &
Perkebunan in Sumbawa Besar. In conjunction with several important international forestry partnerships, Julmansyah’s
been conducting forestry research in Sumbawa. The partnerships are with ACIAR (Australian Centre of International
Agricultural Research), CIFOR (Centre for International Forestry Research), WWF (World Wildlife Fund), Forestry
Research and Development Agency Republic of Indonesia, and Land & Water Society from Charles Sturt University
in New South Wales, Australia.
The project is titled, Community partnerships for plantation forestry: enhancing rural incomes from forestry
in Eastern Indonesia and Australia.
Julmansyah and the Kantor Dinas Kehutanan & Perkebunan in Sumbawa have been helping local teak wood growers
to increase their income from the crops and to understand the importance of looking after the environment in
which they grow their products. The project has been conducting important training programs with local communities
about the importance of the forest and the environment. Pak Julmansyah went to Australia on a study tour in 2006
to see forests and environmental projects there. He says he learnt a lot, but he also says that his Australian
counterparts learnt a lot from him and the other 6 participants on the tour.
Look at the article by Abby Millerd on Page 10. She works with AYED Bogor encouraging farmers to plant trees
with their crops.
ACCESS in Sanur
Community Development and Civil Society Strengthening Scheme) is an AusAID project based in Denpasar. The project
recently conducted a workshop in Sanur, Bali. At the workshop, groups of pembaru kampung (village innovator) gave
presentations on how they have created change in their society in partnership with ACCESS. But instead of using
the technology available today such as PowerPoint, each group presented
their stories in a unique way. Marlyn and her group used traditional cloth from Sumba to inspire others to make
changes for the better in their own communities. Other groups used stories, poems, local songs and drama to share
their messages. The groups came from South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara.
Ogi from KGRE, went along to the conference. She was impressed by the performances of each group and said,
‘The audience was interested and never got bored as each group presented their stories in a different way’.
John Pariwono’s Tips For Success - The ADS Academic Interview
(see June 2007 KGRE magazine) has some helpful information about preparing for the academic interview, part of the
process to get an ADS scholarship. Each year he travels around Indonesia with a team of lecturers interviewing short-listed
candidates for the ADS program. Two lecturers - one Australian and one Indonesian, interview each candidate in English.
Candidates must be prepared to talk about their field of study in English. It is not really a test of English, but
the interviewers need to know you can cope with the level of English you will need to study in Australia. They also
check your knowledge of the subject you want to study.
With 14 years' experience John has some very useful tips about preparing for the academic interview.
Here are John’s Golden Tips about preparing for the academic interview.
- Be well prepared both mentally and physically.
- Get to the interview/test location early – a day before is best so that you are fully rested and not worried
about being late or lost.
- Read, read, read. Browse the Internet to gather information about the academic programs available at Australian
- Compare programs and choose the one which is best for you. (Don’t choose a university just because your
friend is studying there!).
- Make contact with the universities you are interested in and find out more about their programs.
- In the interview be confident and prepared to talk about where you want to go, why you want to go and what you
want to do there.
- Bring a copy of your application form, all documents, certificates and any papers, articles or books you have
- Check your application form and make sure you have missed nothing out.
- Don’t be afraid to say you don’t know or are unsure but say why you are unsure.
- Don’t tell lies during the interview. The interviewers are experienced lecturers and know when students
are not telling the truth.
John has been an academic interviewer for ADS since 1993. Don’t forget to look at the new AusAID page on the
Kang Guru website. For full information about Australian scholarships check out www.australianscholarships.gov.au/
Membership Grows to 1,500
months after the launch of OzMate (www.ozmate.org), over 2,500 Australian
alumni have joined this online networking community. OzMate’s job board and ‘search’ feature,
allowing alumni to find old friends or make new friends, are the favourite features. OzMate continues to be developed,
providing more features for the online community.
OzMate has been promoted on radio talk shows in Jakarta, Surabaya and Medan. Ms. Dian Krishna (Metro TV’s
News Anchor) and Mr. Mario Lawalatta (actor) were invited to talk to listeners about their experiences studying
in Australia and the importance of maintaining alumni networks. They highlighted OzMate as a fun and interactive
way for alumni to keep in touch, find new jobs and search upcoming events. Have you joined yet? Do it NOW!
The official launch of 3 LAPIS (Learning Assistance Program for Islamic Schools) activities took place in August
at IAIN Surabaya: ELTIS (English Language Training for Islamic Schools); ELOIS (Equal Learning Opportunities
in Islamic Schools); and PGMI (Islamic Basic Education). These activities are funded by the Australian government,
as part of its support for Indonesia’s Basic Education Initiative. And we all know how important education
Nazeem Hussain is young, an Aussie, and one of the five members of the 2007 Muslim Exchange Program who visited
Indonesia earlier this year. He is a very busy man back home. In Australia he is -
- a full time student studying a double degree in Law and Science
- a Director for the Islamic Council of Victoria
- the President of the Islamic Society at his university, and
- a presenter on Salam Café, a weekly television comedy program.
Why did Nazeem
join the 2007 Muslim Exchange Program? Nazeem told KGRE it was simple: he got to travel to Indonesia, the largest
Muslim country in the world. And what did he see in Indonesia that amazed him? The most interesting thing was
to experience Islam being practiced in a moderate fashion and not as hard-lined as perceptions of Indonesia might
indicate in the media in Australia.
While in Indonesia , Nazeem and his co-participants visited Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Sukabumi. In Sukabumi they
witnessed the opening of a new pesantren school constructed with assistance from AusAID's Basic
Education Program. He says it was the nicest thing he has ever done. The young SMP students were so excited
and fantastic. They thought the visiting Aussies were superstars. Nazeem said, ‘The students knew that
some Aussies were coming to visit their school and probably expected us to be white but they were doubly surprised
to see our dark skin AND that we were Muslim too’. Big surprise!
for the future, he will no doubt be a lawyer one day but his interest in Salam Café is quite strong too.
This popular television show provides a look at the lives of ordinary Muslims in Australia showing that they
are in fact normal, happy people who are educated, enjoy things like football and like to crack a joke – it
is both a serious and humorous look at life of Aussie Muslims. Ninety five percent of viewers are non-Muslim,
the target audience. In 2006 the program won Program of the Year at the Australian Community Television Awards.
Café Salam has a website www.salamcafe.com.au Check the site out and see what
it is all about.
|The Muslim Exchange program is an initiative from the Australia Indonesia Institute (AII)
with local support from the Cultural Affairs section at the Australian Embassy in Jakarta.
The Australian Youth Ambassadors Program
The Australian Youth Ambassadors Program (AYAD) sends skilled young Australian volunteers on short-term assignments
to Asia and the Pacific. KGRE recently met Abby Millerd. She is working with farmers in Bogor as a Communications
Development Officer for the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) through the AYAD program. Her role is to promote
agroforestry as a management system. Abby will be using her
communication skills to educate farmers about some of the factors that need to be considered when selecting
trees for agricultural integration. This will assist farmers in choosing trees to plant, such as fruit trees,
for personal use and for the market. She also uses her communica-tion skills in assisting with the content for
brochures and posters on eco-certification. As a result of work in this area, a large rubber manufacturer has
since expressed interest in investing in eco-certified jungle rubber. There is a hope that money from eco-certification
will ensure farmers maintain their environmentally friendly farming practices.
Another New City - FANTASTIC!
Would you like to live in interesting places all over the world? Who wouldn't? New and exciting environments
to enjoy - fabulous! Jakarta resident, Elaine Farmer, has lived in many locations around the world including
Cairo, New York, Kuala Lumpur, Port Moresby, London, Mexico and Fiji. You would have to agree that these places
are certainly all very, very different. How does Elaine cope with living in such varied locations? How does
she make her 'new environment' comfortable from the very beginning? Elaine has certainly followed all of her
rules here in Indonesia and really loves living here. The rules?
- Call the new location HOME as soon as you arrive.
- Start making friends as soon as you can.
- Quickly become familiar with the new environment. Go visiting and travel around the city or even the country
if you can.
with her husband, Mr. Bill Farmer, Australia’s Ambassador to Indonesia, Elaine has visited Aceh, South
Sulawesi, many parts of Java and even Komodo. KGRE asked Elaine what was so good about their trip to Komodo?
They loved the fresh air and sea breezes on board the Ombak Putih from Bali to Komodo, the wildlife and the remoteness – a
relaxing and peaceful environment away from the bustle of Jakarta. And yet Elaine told KGRE that it is the hustle
and bustle of Jakarta that she loves about that city –
always something happening – never a dull moment. Listen to Elaine speaking on KGRE radio in October and
November for more insights into her very busy life.
|Be sure to check out the new scholarships
awards to Australia at the bottom of this page.
Welcome to this page designed especially for students studying at universities and other higher education establishments
across Indonesia. Don’t forget this is YOUR page in the magazine and if you have any suggestions for topics
you would like included on this page then please be sure to contact us at KGRE - email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Sri from Yogjakarta and Syahrir from Makassar have both asked KGRE for information about conducting successful
debates and running a debate club.
Here are three reasons why debates are a good way to practise a foreign language:
- they can energize students and teachers
- subjects, which once appeared boring and abstract, can come to life in a debate situation
- students become actively involved in their own learning process
- ask themselves what the issue means to them personally
- research the social, political, ethical and historical contexts in which the issues are situated
- learn to see complex problems from widely different perspectives
- learn and use new vocabulary
- be able to think on their feet and react quickly to opposing arguments
Because all this learning is geared towards a specific purpose (performing well in the debate itself) students
have added incentive and a clear goal to work towards.
Starting a debate club
A successful debate club has a strong sense of group identity. No one member works alone, rather, the whole club
should work as a team.
Some useful steps to creating a successful debate club:
Where will the club meet?
A club-room should:
- be easily accessible to all members,
- have resources such as dictionaries, newspapers and maybe the Internet
How often should the club meet?
The club members should meet regularly to build friendship and trust. Weekly meetings of all club members will
improve fluency. Members can practise and prepare arguments on a variety of topics.
Students should elect a president, a secretary and a treasurer from committed members of the club. New debaters
can learn from experienced members.
Topics can be local issues, which affect the people, and or environment around you personally, or more global
issues. Below is the address of a fantastic debate website with great topics and arguments, ideas for activities
and much, much more. Have fun! www.idebate.org
Here’s an activity to practise in your club
Go to www.idebate.org, open up the home page and choose a debate topic. Each
topic has a list of arguments- the pros and cons. Divide the members of your debate club into 4 groups. Print out
the arguments and cut them up. Make a set for each group. Distribute one set to each group. The members must read
the arguments and decide if they belong on the pro side or on the con side. Then they must match each pro argument
to a con argument. Check the members understand any new vocabulary, then hold a 15 minute debate –two groups
argue for the motion and two groups argue against.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
offered in honor of diplomats and their work in Indonesia
In June 2007, Australia’s Ambassador to Indonesia, Mr Bill Farmer, announced the establishment of two awards
in memory of Allison Sudradjat and Elizabeth O’Neill, two senior diplomats from the Australian Embassy, Jakarta,
who died in the Garuda crash in Jogjakarta. The awards were also announced by Australia’s Foreign Minister,
Mr. Alexander Downer, in Canberra.
Allison Sudradjat was the Minister-Counsellor in Indonesia for the Australian Agency for International Development
(AusAID). Among Allison’s many accomplishments was the launch of the Australian Leadership Awards (ALA) program
in Indonesia in 2006. These prestigious scholarships allow Indonesian students to study at Australian universities
for a Masters degree or a PhD. In Allison’s memory, four post-graduate Australian Leadership Awards will
be awarded in her name to outstanding scholars and current or emerging leaders in Indonesia. Applications for the
Allison Sudradjat Awards and 2008 ALA Scholarships are now open and close on 31 July 2007.
Liz O’Neill was serving as the Public Affairs Counsellor at the Australian Embassy in Jakarta at the time
of her death. Recognising the influential role of the media in modern society, Liz worked tirelessly with Australian
and Indonesian members of the media to foster a better understanding of both countries through accurate and informed
media coverage. To continue her work, the ‘Elizabeth O’Neill Journalism Award’ will be conferred
annually on two journalists, one Australian and one Indonesian. Sponsored by the Department of Foreign Affairs and
Trade (DFAT) and the Australia-Indonesia Institute (AII), the award will be open to print, radio, television and
For more information please visit - Australian Leadership Awards
KGCC’s Environmental Information e-Learning Exchange: May – July 2007
In May 2007, Kang Guru Connection language clubs (KGCCs) were invited to be part of an Environmental Information
Exchange activity with Australian school students. Fourteen KGCCs joined the activity along with the same number
of school groups (students and their teachers) in Victoria and Western Australia. KGCC members asked questions
about the environment and environmental issues in Australia. The Australian students then answered those questions
AND asked return questions about Indonesian environmental issues. Here are just two of examples of the wonderful
results of this very successful Oz-Indo e-learning exchange activity.
KGCC#081 is Randu’s Chatting Club in Babadan, Ungaran, Central Java. They have 40 active club members.
Here are two of their ten questions to students at Eaglehawk Secondary College in Victoria.
- Who keeps your school and dormitories clean?
- How do you manage the waste/rubbish from your dormitories or schools?
The Eaglehawk SC student response?
‘Our school is cared for by our caretaker John. We also have a private cleaning company called AERO
which looks after the inside and outside grounds. Filling bags with rubbish is also used as a punishment and
some students stay behind after school and get paid to pick up rubbish. The rubbish is put into recyclable and
non-recyclable bins and then transferred to the local tip’.
Best Forum Club #003 is based in Makassar. Their questions went to Penrhos College in Perth. Here are just three
of their questions together with the answers given by the Penrhos College Year 9 students (SMP Class 3).
- Please explain why people are not allowed to burn rubbish in their back yards.
- How do teachers in Australia encourage their students to NOT throw away rubbish?
- Which environmental problem is currently being discussed by most people in Australia?
The answers from Penrhos?
‘People aren’t allowed to burn rubbish in their backyards because it can cause air pollution
and fires. We have very clean air in Perth and we want to keep it this way. Teachers teach their students to
‘Reduce, Recycle and Reuse’. They ask their students to think carefully about how they bring their
lunches to school. They suggest that students use reusable containers and food that does not have a lot of packaging.
They also encourage them to eat fresh fruit for their morning recess break rather than biscuits and potato chips
so there is less rubbish. The environmental problem that is being discussed most in Perth is our lack of water.
We have not had much rain this year or last year and the dams are very low. People have been asked to use less
Attention KGCC Committees and All members
A big KGRE welcome to Maggie Brady and especially to the Kang Guru Connection Club network. Maggie will be looking
after KGCCs until December 2007. Please feel free to email Maggie and say a big welcome to KGCC - emails to email@example.com OR firstname.lastname@example.org.
Cheryl Reid has returned to work in Australia and we wish her all the best.
KGRE's 2007 Environmental Poster and
"Bright Ideas" Competitions
Thank you for all the fantastic posters and suggestions in KGRE’s recent environment competitions. Choosing
the winners was really difficult! Some of the many great ideas from KGCC members included:
- creating green zones in school environments,
- local clean-up days,
- garbage separation at school and at home,
- educating people about the need to reduce,
- recycle and reuse,
- walking instead of going by vehicle,
- giving natural gifts such as plants
- using traditional organic wrappings for food, like banana leaves.
Me English Community (#071) organized a Rubbish Hunting activity where members
‘collected rubbish from around their school and then exchanged it for KGRE pins, pens and stickers. 5kg
of rubbish was collected for recycling’
and guess what? They practiced their English at the same time. Well done!
Hikmah Hasanah is from the Pioneer English Club (#019) in Sumenep - Madura. ’In 2005, our school
developed recycling programs to manage rubbish control and we have succeeded. Inorganic and organic waste is
separated before the organic rubbish is recycled into compost. After 5 weeks when the rubbish has reduced in
volume, it is sifted and the resulting compost is used to plant tobacco, vegetables, fruit and other plants.’
English Club (#023) in Lombok, concentrated on cleaning up the drains in their local environment to reduce
the risk of dengue fever.
As Budi Hartawan from Pioneer English Club in Sumenep says :
’Be civilized towards nature or move to another planet!’
Gado-Gado English Club (#091) in Lombok conducts regular clean–ups as part of their club activities. ‘Once
a month we have a
‘Minggu Bersih’ to clean up the rubbish in our area and promote the importance of a clean environment’
|| Last month the Joeys organized a beach clean-up day as part of their KGRE environmental activities. They called
it their Aussie Day Out. They all sang Australian songs and spoke as much English as possible. Ali, a budding
environmental scientist, organized KGRE prize packs while Fatimah and Natalya decided on the tasks. The Joeys’ favourite
competition was collecting as much rubbish as possible and then yelling out the names in English for all the
different pieces of garbage.
|| If they could spell the word for each item of trash correctly, they got extra points. Ali and Fatimah won the
first competition and collected 324 pieces of refuse. Samuel and Sinta came a close second with 305 and Natalya
and Budi found 299. The litter they gathered included plastic bags, shampoo bottles, small plastic water containers,
tooth brushes, broken soft drink bottles, some plastic hair slides, an old thong (sandal jepit) and a torn T
shirt. What a load of rubbish! A heap of it!
||JOEYS TASK 1. How many different words for rubbish can you find on this page?
||JOEYS TASK 2. Label 8 items in the pile of rubbish the Joeys collected. Answers can be found
in the description above.
Win Joey’s posters and stickers!
Kang Guru has fantastic new Joeys posters and stickers. To win some, all you have to do is write 75 words about
what YOU enjoy most in your SMP English classes. Are they fun? What kind of activities do you do? Write or email
your entries to KGRE before November 15.
Check out what the Joeys are up to on the website -
Kang Guru in the Classroom
|A warm welcome to all English language teachers. This page is specially written for you.
Ideas on this page can make your teaching more enjoyable - both you and your students. Yes, teaching has to
be fun for you too.
10 years in Bali for KGRE
has been based in Bali for the past ten years and here’s news of a special anniversary gift from KGRE.
The technical team at KGRE has created a 10th Anniversary Compilation CD with some of your favourite voices heard
on radio shows from the past ten years. Remember Dr Pintar and Liz in her Language Lab segments? Or what about
Walter – KGRE’S first presenter in Bali? This special CD is just one in a special five compilation
CD set. If you would like a copy of this special anniversary CD set then write to us at KGRE (letter or email)
telling us when you first began listening to KGRE, which part of KGRE you like best, and how KGRE has helped
your teaching. Don’t forget to include the name and address of your school.
KGRE e-NEWS for Teachers
The second KGRE e-NEWS for Teachers has been sent to over 300 teachers across Indonesia. Have you received your
copy yet? If not, it’s easy to register - email Tjok at email@example.com and
ask to join KGRE's teacher database. The July e-NEWS has information about the benefits of forming an English
teacher group in your area, ADS scholarships dates, workshops and KGRE's ten years in Bali.
Useful Internet resources for teachers
Below are two interactive websites which have been specially developed for teachers and students. They are aimed
at making everyone more aware of our impact on the environment. Recommend them to your students!
www.olliesworld.com Ollie has been educating Australians about interacting
with the natural world since 1997. Primary schools in Australia use the CD Rom.
www.earthday.net/ This site is especially useful for teachers because
you can download ‘Bobbie Bigfoot’ lesson plans, vocabulary lists, quizzes, and board games. Sounds
Nexus is a TV program and web site from ABC Australia which helps people learn English, and find out about Australian
life and culture. Each day the website has an up to date schedule. There are video stories too especially for
English language learning.
Go to http://australianetwork.com/nexus/
Feedback from teachers using KGRE Reward stickers
Luluk Rahmawati, an English
teacher at MTsN Grogol Kediri, wrote to Sue.
"In correcting the students' assignments, especially writing assignments, I didn't correct their grammar
but more the content. It doesn't matter whether their grammar isn't good. As long as the content is very good/different
from others, I'll give them stickers. Thank you Sue. When will you visit Kediri again!!"
KGRE notes: This is a good example of using the KGRE Reward sticker. If you would
like a set of 60 free KGRE stickers write to firstname.lastname@example.org and tell
us how you will use the stickers in the classroom. Motivate those students!
A FANTASTIC TEACHER TASK - What positive effects has KGRE had on your teaching?
Maybe you learnt some new ideas at a KGRE workshop, or have adapted some KGRE materials. Perhaps you introduced
your students to the KGRE magazine or website. Send your entry to KGRE and you could win great teaching prizes
from KGRE. PLUS a member of the KGRE staff will make a special visit to your school and meet with you, other
teachers and your students. Send us a letter of no more than 200 words in English to KGRE Teacher Task, PO Box
3095, Denpasar 80030, Bali, or email to email@example.com before November
To cover the increased cost of production and courier, the new price for the SMA Package
or SMP Package is Rp 125,000 (for either cassettes or CD), and if you want to buy both audio (cassettes and CD),
the price is Rp 150,000. Please send your money by pos wesel or bank transfer to KGRE:
Nama Account: IALF
Bank: Bank Central Asia Cabang Hasanudin
Alamat: Jl. Hasanudin No.58 Denpasar
No Account: 040-1-470-289
Note: For any order made by bank transfer, please send or fax the transfer slip to
KGRE office with your name and phone no.
Environmental issues on film and in comics
there have been a number of films with an environmental theme. Perhaps you have watched some of them. ‘Ice
Age: The Meltdown’ and
‘Cars.’ The favourite in the KGRE office is ‘Happy Feet’. The story is simple – A
penguin called Mumble sets off to find why there are fewer fish for the penguins to eat. He meets a penguin called
Lovelace who is sick because a can holder ‘necklace’ is slowly strangling him. Mumble ends up in a zoo
where he becomes very unhappy. The story informs the audience about marine environmental problems but it has a happy
The Australian director of the film, George Miller, said the environmental issues in Happy Feet came to him from
personal experience. The over-fishing theme was inspired by news reports. The idea for the can holder
‘necklace’ was inspired by his young son who showed him something he had learned in school (SD) - how
to cut the rings of used can holders to avoid trapping animals.
Other events promoting caring for the environment
An Academy Award winning film about the damage being done to the environment by humans is currently sweeping
the globe. It is called ‘An Inconvenient Truth’. Have you seen it?
On the 07.07.07 a benefit concert called ‘Live Earth’ was held to raise people’s awareness
about climate change.
Maybe you watched it. The concert was held in eleven locations around the world and more than 150 musicians
Care for our air from Christian Bautista
you know that famous Filipino singer Christian Bautista promotes caring for the environment in his native Philippines?
He joined other famous artists to make a series of short videos to encourage Filipinos to ‘care for our
– a clean air campaign. Both Christian’s parents worked at the Department of the Environment and
Natural Resources in Manila. His father also studied for an environmental degree in Sydney. They would often
talk to him about the environment – how to take care of it, planting trees, efficient use of electricity,
taking care of plants and not throwing away rubbish but finding ways to reuse or recycle.
On the video Christian speaks about the dangers of burning garbage (sampah). He tells viewers that ‘by
burning waste you are not only polluting others but polluting yourself.’ Burning rubbish (especially waste
plastic) releases harmful chemicals into the environment. Sometimes the fire smolders for hours. And all the
time we are breathing those harmful chemicals into our lungs. Christian believes that education is the key. He
says that if people are lazy about the environment then there will be big problems in the future.
Why not have a ‘clean air campaign’ where you live and educate others about reusing, recycling and
disposing of rubbish carefully?
SMS to 081 2387 0479 with your answer, include your name and the place where you live. Eg Ali, Semarang, b.
Balawan speaks about the environment
Earlier this year, KGRE interviewed I Made Balawan a very talented Balinese musician who has developed a unique
style of guitar playing called tapping. KGRE asked Balawan about environmental problems in Indonesia. Balawan
offered a simple way we could all help reduce rubbish – something he learnt during his time studying in
||Are you concerned about any particular environmental problem in Bali or Indonesia?
|| Yes I’m concerned about the plastic rubbish. People here don’t really care about rubbish and that's
why we get floods everywhere. It’s a simple thing, but if a million people do a small thing it becomes
big, and in the rainy season the problems start.
||In Australia, to cut down on plastic bags supermarkets now encourage customers to bring
their own bags. If you went to the supermarket did you take your own bag or pay for a new one?
|| I bring from home.
||Did it take you a long time to get used to that?
|| No, I got used to it easily.
||Could people in Bali do the same thing?
|| I think we can. There are so many plastic bags in my house that end up in the rubbish bin anyway so use them
||Yes, it’s just a simple thing but can lessen the number of plastic bags we use.
What environmental problems do you think will get bigger in the future?
|| Pollution will become a very big problem in the next 10 years.
||What can we do to reduce this problem?
|| I think if our Government can provide a very good, reliable public transport people will choose to use the
public transport instead of using motorbikes.
listen to more from Balawan on KGRE radio shows and read about his visit to the KGRE office on the KGRE website
Balawan is also a member of OzMate.
Observations from a visitor to Indonesia What do you think?
I observed a group of school kids, maybe a hundred or so, on a school outing to a famous temple. As they
filed out of the temple they were each given a plastic water container - the kind that comes with a little straw.
A half hour later there were a hundred little plastic glasses on the street in front of the temple.
A woman came out of the front door of her home and dumped a pail of plastic trash into the small irrigation
ditch at the side of the road in front of her house. (Where did she think that rubbish would go?)
I also observed a couple riding a motorcycle - the man driving and the woman on the back. They crossed a
small bridge over a river and the woman threw a plastic bag of trash over the railing into the river. (Where
did she think that rubbish would go?)
So where does it go? It goes downstream, gets stuck on riverbanks, gets eaten by marine animals who mistake
it for food. It blocks drains and causes floods and worse!
Bring your own shopping bag
an IALF Indonesian teacher of English taught in Australia, she was surprised at the supermarket when the cashier
asked if she would like a shopping bag. She was even more surprised when she was asked to pay for it!
To reduce the use of plastic bags, Australian shoppers are encouraged to bring their own bags from home. If they
don’t, they have to buy them.
Tap water safe to drink?
Dayu was also amazed when she was thirsty and asked for some water. Her Aussie friend
gave her a glass and told her to get some water from the tap. Dayu thought she was joking! She found it really
strange to just turn on the tap and actually drink the water!
In most places in Australia tap water is clean and drinkable.
Put it in the bin! Bin it!
Teachers and school children in Australia take rubbish disposal very seriously and students are punished if they
drop rubbish carelessly in the school grounds.
Ana, another Indonesian teacher of English here at IALF Bali, noticed some differences about this during her
time teaching in Australia.
I remember having a picnic in a park with a group of Australian and overseas students in Perth and being really
embarrassed when one of the overseas students threw his lunch wrappers on the ground. There were lots of rubbish
bins nearby. An Australian teacher told him to put it in the bin.
What happens to the rubbish at your school at lunch time? Or when you are on a school excursion?
Coloured Wheelie Bins
difference Ana noticed in Sydney was the different coloured rubbish bins on wheels (known as wheelie bins) which
are provided for each household. People have to separate their rubbish and place it in the right bin. Red for
recyclable rubbish like aluminium cans and glass, blue for paper rubbish and green for food scraps and organic
waste. The wheelie bins are made from recycled plastic.
It took a while to get used to, but separating rubbish soon became automatic.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sibi from Manado was part of the Indonesian team which competed at the International Conference of Young Scientists
in St Petersburg, Russia in April, 2007. Here are some of Vicky’s observations about the clean waterways
In St Petersburg, all of the delegations had the chance to experience cultural excursions organized by the
committee. We visited famous places like the State Hermitage Museum, Peterhof, St Isaac’s Cathedral, Marinsky
Theatre, Tsarkoe Selo, Pavlovsk and the Cathedral of Resurrection.
As we toured the city I noticed there were many rivers. Wherever we went we could always see rivers, whether
it was the large river in the middle of the city or the small rivers and canals. The large river in St Petersburg
is the Neva and the small river, the Malaya. Now, the interesting thing which really impressed me was that along
the river there was no garbage or domestic waste. You could see with your own eyes how really clean and clear
the rivers were. There was no sign of people throwing rubbish in the rivers. When we mentioned how clean the
rivers were, the tour guide told us how many years ago, Peter the Great ordered all the garbage polluting the
rivers to be excavated. The clean rivers we now see have been like that ever since. Amazing!
The KGRE workplace environment:
a healthy environment and happy staff
We all know how important it is to create a clean, healthy environment outside our homes, schools and places
of work. But did you realize that it is just as important to have a healthy environment inside too? A well-lit,
well ventilated, clean working environment is best, whether in a factory, school or office.
The staff at KGRE are lucky to have a fabulous working environment. In 2005 we moved into a spacious office on
the new IALF Bali campus. Then last year the office expanded into the room next door. Now everyone has their
own desk. There is even enough space for storage and preparation of all the hundreds packages and souvenirs
we send out to listeners and readers across Indonesia.
While KGRE staff downstairs were enjoying their working environment the technical staff upstairs at IALF Bali
waited patiently for their new recording studio. In June 2007, a brand new recording studio was opened. Darmika,
Gung De and Mahendra (see picture below) are very proud of their new studio –
even if Kevin did pull the door handle off the door in the first week. So strong! So there’s no excuse
for KGRE staff to stay at home now. We all love coming to work!
A Symposium on Basic Education in Islamic Schools in Indonesia was held in July 2007 on the UIN campus in Ciputat,
Jakarta. It was convened by the State Islamic University, Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta, in cooperation with
the Ministry of Religious Affairs. The Symposium focussed on the joint MoNE/MoRA Grand Design for basic education
and the role, challenges and opportunities for Islamic schools and the institutions that support them, in achieving
the Grand Design. AusAID's LAPIS program (Learning Assistance Program for Islamic Schools) funded seven KGRE
Champions and Radio Presenters to attend the Symposium. These people, amongst many others, are a very important
part of the KGRE network. Those invited were KGRE Champions Suryadi from Madura, Saptari Wibowo from Medan,
Fadhil from Mataram plus KGRE Radio Presenters Fathul Muin from Tuban, Amriyah Dewi from Nganjuk, Inah from
Bima and Bowo Pranoto from Banyuwangi. Congratulations to all of them and thanks to LAPIS for its support. You
can read what they had to say about the Symposium on the KGRE website.
AUSTRALIA: A POPULAR DESTINATION, SO PLAN FOR YOUR VISA
Indonesians planning to travel to Australia for holidays over the next few months should lodge their visa applications
as soon as possible. Australia processed nearly 60,000 visitor visas for Indonesians planning a holiday or short
stay in Australia in the last year, a 12 per cent increase on the previous year, with September and October two
of the busiest months. The Australian Embassy is anticipating that Australia will be a popular holiday destination
for Indonesians over Idul Fitri in 2007.
Applications can usually be processed in 5 working days or less, but in busy periods this can take longer. The Embassy
is issuing more clients with a 12-month multiple entry visa, meaning they can travel as often as they like in the
12 months after the visa is issued. The vast majority (96%) of visa applications lodged in Indonesia were approved
Visa applications can be lodged Monday to Friday, 8.30am to 4pm, at:
The Australian Visa Application Centre (AVAC), Level 22, Plaza ABDA, Jl Jend. Sudirman Kav. 59, Jakarta (Opposite
Sudirman Place Shopping Mall), or in Bali, Perkantoran Duta Wijaya Unit 12, Jl. Raya Puputan, Renon, Denpasar.
Starting in September, to avoid the rush and queues at AVAC, applicants will also have the option of selecting a
courier service and applying for visas from the comfort of home - call 5140 1590-91 (Jakarta) or (0361) 264 958
(Bali) to arrange this service.
Applications are generally decided by the Embassy/Consulate within 5 working days after delivery.
For further information: email - firstname.lastname@example.org
Using natural resources
Many Australian homes,
businesses and schools are now using solar panels to generate electricity and heat water. Rectangular panels
on the roofes or poles absorb heat from the sun. Some schools are already using solar power for their cooling
and heating needs.
The Australian Government is now providing up to $50,000 for every school to install solar hot water systems
and rainwater tanks to improve water and energy efficiency. All Australian primary and secondary schools are
eligible for funding. It is hoped that all schools will have these rainwater tanks within
the next 4 years. Rain water which is collected in the tanks will be used for cleaning, washing, watering ovals
and gardens, but not for drinking water.
Most of the power produced around the world today uses non-renewable fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas. Once
these fuels have been burnt they are finished. Oops, no fuel for cars or coal or oil for a electrical power
plant? There are renewable energy sources like the sun (solar), wind and water which, some people believe, are
better for the environment as they produce less pollution. Every year in Australia there is a car race for vehicles
powered by the sun. This year is the 20th anniversary of the Panasonic World Solar Challenge. Cars race 3000
kilometers from Darwin to Adelaide. In 2007 it will take place between the 21st and the 28th of October. Schools,
universities and corporations from around the world are invited to develop cars for the race. Maybe all our
cars will run on solar power in the future.
Goodbye to 'hot' lights
In Australia incandescent bulbs will be completely phased out by 2010. They will be replaced with the more fuel-efficient,
compact, fluorescent models. This type of light bulb uses around 20% less electricity to produce the same amount
of light. “It’s a little thing but it’s a massive change,” the Australian Environment
Minister said. The move could cut the country’s greenhouse gas emissions by 4 million tonnes by 2012.
The decision will make Australia the first country in the world to ban the old-style light bulbs. The incandescent
light bulb is based on a design invented in the 19th century by engineers including Thomas Edison and Joseph
share rivers. For example the Mekong river begins in China then flows through Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia
and finally Vietnam. All of them use water from the river for food, water and transport. Imagine what would happen
if one of the countries near the source of the river decided to build a dam. The supply of water would be cut
off to the countries downstream. The tiny island state of Singapore buys more than half of its water from its
neighbour Malaysia. If Malaysia decided not to deliver the water, then Singaporeans would be very thirsty! Experts
around the world agree it is important all the countries carefully plan water-sharing schemes so that all countries
have water. KGRE agrees – Good neighbours make good friends.
very recently, many parts of Australia has been in the grip of the worst drought in living memory. Many reservoirs
supplying water to major cities and towns are still at alarmingly low levels. Water restrictions are widespread.
Desalination plants are being constructed to provide much needed drinking water. Desalination removes the salt
from seawater and processes it to make it suitable for drinking. This process needs a lot of energy. Because
the plants are built near the sea they are often in areas which are windy. So to provide cheaper, more ecologically-
friendly power wind farms are being built to provide the energy. Huge fans turn in the wind, moving a turbine
which produces electrical power. Are there any of these huge fans here in Indonesia yet?
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